Informative Essay Writing 4th

Writing an Informative/Explanatory/Expository Piece

What is an explanatory/expository essay?
The expository essay is a kind of essay that asks students to investigate an idea, evaluate evidence, expound on the idea, and set forth an argument concerning that idea in a clear and concise manner. This can be accomplished through comparison and contrast, definition, example, the analysis of cause and effect, etc.
Below is a list of reading patterns:
(READ THROUGH THEM CAREFULLY)
In third grade, you learned how to use a graphic organizer.  Now, you will choose what kind of expository essay you would like to write and pick a corresponding graphic organizer to help you write your essay!
Classify the winter and summer sports -- Classification
Use the links below to help you answer this question and then use the graphic organizer to help you organize your thoughts for your essay:
[Print the graphic organizer below!]
classification.2.docx
File Size: 15 kb
File Type: docx
Download File


Now that you have picked a topic and filled out your graphic organizer, it's time to complete your essay!
How do we set up an expository essay?
Paragraph 1: The Introduction
  • Topic Sentence (Main Idea for your paper)
  • Example Sentence #1 (Subtopic)
  • Example Sentence #2 (Subtopic)
  • Example Sentence #3 (Subtopic)
  • Concluding Sentence that repeats the Main Idea
Paragraph 2: Example #1
  • Topic Sentence Example #1 (from the Introduction)
  • 3 Examples sentences that prove your Topic Sentence
  • Concluding Sentence that repeats Example #1
Paragraph 3: Example Paragraph #2
  • Topic Sentence Example # 2 (from the Introduction)
  • 3 Examples that prove your Topic Sentence
  • Concluding Sentence that repeats Example #2
Paragraph 4: Example Paragraph #3
  • Topic Sentence Example #3 (from the Introduction)
  • 3 Examples that prove your Topic Sentence
  • Concluding Sentence that repeats Example #3
Paragraph 5: Conclusion
  • Topic Sentence (Main Idea for your paper)
  • Example Sentence #1 (Subtopic)
  • Example Sentence #2 (Subtopic)
  • Example Sentence #3 (Subtopic)
  • Concluding Sentence that repeats the Main Idea
Adopted from: http://www2.asd.wednet.edu/pioneer/barnard/wri/essay_model.htm

My dog, Romeo, is the best pet anyone could have. He is beautiful and easy to care for. Playing with him is lots of fun. He always takes care of me. There isn't a better pet anywhere.

Romeo is a beautiful tricolor Sheltie. He is mostly black with white and a bit of brown. Caring for him is easy because I simply have to make sure he has fresh water and food every day. I exercise him by throwing his toys. Romeo is a good pet because he is nice looking and doesn't require much care.

Romeo is lots of fun to play with. He loves to play catch. He follows me around the house with a toy and drops it on my foot so I will kick it. He can catch just about anything, but his favorite is chasing a Frisbee. I really have fun playing with Romeo.

Romeo takes care of me. He always follows me when I leave a room. When I am sitting on the couch he plops down right beside me. When we are outside in the woods he always makes sure that I keep up with the rest of the family. He always watches out for me.

As you can see, Romeo is a great pet. I am proud of him and he doesn't require much care. Playing with him is always enjoyable. He watches over me and keeps me safe. Romeo is absolutely the best pet anyone could even have!

Adopted from: http://www2.asd.wednet.edu/pioneer/barnard/wri/essay_model.htm

Do you know what type of expository essay this is?

Now, open the blank word document below and get started but be sure to use your graphic organizer to help you and take a look at the check list and rubric below:
Use this check list and rubric to check your work:
_____ 1. Did I write what I wanted to write?

_____ 2. Did I use information from my graphic organizer?

_____ 3. Did I tell the purpose of my writing in the beginning?

_____ 4. Will my readers understand what I am saying?

_____ 5. Did I use details to explain?

_____ 6. Do I have an introduction, body, and conclusion?

_____ 7. Do my sentences begin differently?

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.2 Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas and information clearly.
    • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.2a Introduce a topic clearly and group related information in paragraphs and sections; include formatting (e.g., headings), illustrations, and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension.
    • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.2b Develop the topic with facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples related to the topic.
    • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.2c Link ideas within categories of information using words and phrases (e.g., another, for example, also, because).
    • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.2d Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic.
    • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.2e Provide a concluding statement or section related to the information or explanation presented.

How to Write an Informative essay, useful tips

The aim of your informative essay is not in giving your opinion, but to inform and educate your audience on a topic given. Sometimes, informative speech essays are also called the expository essays and it is not for convincing someone to change his/her beliefs.



In addition, being informative it means to be interesting. Nevertheless, you can share your thoughts concerning the issue you care about, what has surprised you and made think about it, but not in persuasive tone.

Generally, your informative essay might:

  • Inform readers about some problem they are not aware
  • Explain its importance
  • Present the latest research on a topic
  • Compare viewpoints on a controversial subjects
  • Analyze a cause-effect relationship

Sometimes it happens that creation of your own essay requires analysis and processing of someone’s other informative text and thoughts. To implement this properly, it is worth remembering three simple rules:

  1. To cut down the field of your own efforts and time spent, it’s not necessary to work with an entire text. Select a specific, most informative fragment and work with it.
  2. If author’s thoughts are needed to be express, do it, but without distortion and in a short form.
  3. And the final stage will be your informative presentation, compiled from such passages.

Informative speech essay and its structure

Unlike some other scientific work, informative essays has no clear structure, however, the basic principles of writing must be met. For this course, your essay should be 3–5 pages in length and use at least four sources. Preferably, a formal academic writing style should be used, instead of saying «I think» or relying on personal experience.

The basic structure of an informative essay is very simple. As a simple persuasive essay, it needs to have: the introduction, the body and the conclusion. The primary, while writing an essay, is your topic presence. This topic will be the title of your work. The cover page, if needed, should be filled according to your educational institution forms.

The Beginning

The beginning, or introduction, needs to present the topic and grab your audience attention. It needs to include the focus sentence for the entire essay. The first paragraph starts with a general idea (compared to the thesis) and gradually gets more and more specific. Give some background information about the key words and terminology. Foreshadow the key points and main information that your essay will give. After that, finish with your thesis. Usually, the informative essay thesis can be as comparison viewpoints on a controversial subject or different sources data on a certain issue analysis, etc. Don’t forget to research and gather all the pertinent details on that subject.

The Body

The body of your informative speech essay should provide all the necessary information and materials to your audience. It has to piece out fully the lack of information on this issue. Use various sources, facts and expert judgments. Make sure all your facts are accurate. Create an outline that will organize your facts in a logical way. If a simple persuasive essay contains one statement for one paragraph and relevant evidence, then, in our case, each paragraph must contain a certain informative facts line. For example: if your issue is «Understanding the Link between Cholesterol and Heart Disease», then your body must contain full and comprehensive particulars about the reported cases of heart disease, its numbers and severity of the problem.

Then, tell about the research and experiments that prove possible connection of Cholesterol and Heart Disease, as well as specify necessarily, all arguments against this theory. Present all the necessary statistics and facts.

The Conclusion

As usual, move here from specific to general. You should to restate about the seriousness of issue and summarize the facts for and against the main thesis of your topic. As the example of informative essay closing, you can start with the following words: «So that now you know more about the elevated blood cholesterol or hypercholesterolemia and that it can be one of the most important risk factors for myocardial infarction. » However, you should NEVER introduce some new information or ideas in the conclusion. Its main purpose is to round off your informative essay by summing up.

And finally, remember that informative essay is not a persuasive essay; it should be objective and impartial. It is the best way to explain something that is complicated…in an uncomplicated way.

7 steps to succeed in the informative essay writing

Step 1

  • Choose the topic for your informative essay.
  • Remember that the aim of informative essay is not impose your view, but to inform and educate the audience on a topic chosen.

Step 2

  • Create the outline that will organize your facts in a logical way.
  • List all the questions you have about your topic and what you are going to perform.

Step 3

  • Gather all the necessary information for the work, from at least four sources.
  • Research your topic online and in a library. Find authoritative, credible sources
  • Analyze the facts and research details found.

Step 4

The Introduction.

  • Present the topic and grab your audience attention.
  • Give some background information about the key words and terminology.
  • Compare the viewpoints and facts on a controversial subject or different sources data.
  • Start with a general idea which gradually get more and more specific.

Imagine the inverted pyramid:

General Idea

Specific Thesis

Step 5

The Body.
-Provide all the necessary information and materials to your target audience
-Use various sources, facts and expert judgments
-Make sure all your facts are accurate

Step 6

The Conclusion.

  • Restate about the seriousness of issue and summarize the facts for and against your main thesis
  • Never introduce some new information or ideas in the conclusion
  • The main purpose for your conclusion is to round off the essay by summing up

Step 7

Analyze all the work done. 
Think whether all the information has been provided and if there could arise any prejudices in the audience according to the material presented

Remember:
Informative essay is not a persuasive essay;
It should be objective and impartial;
Your writing should be both informative and interesting without making an argument or imparting the author’s view point
———————————————————-
It is the best way to explain something that is complicated…in an uncomplicated way.

Here are some possible titles for your informative essay to choose from:

How to Buy a Nice House
Understanding Your Credit Score
The Importance of Regular Daily Exercises
The Causes of Global Warming
Cost Savings of Hybrid Vehicles
Qualifications of Contractors
Understanding the Link between Cholesterol and Heart Disease
Defining Poverty in the City of Chicago
Reducing Carbon Emissions with Alternative Fuels
How to Get your Commercial Driver’s License
The Health Benefits and disadvantages of a Vegetarian Diet
Why Cleaning Your Ducts is Important
Understanding Geothermal Heating and Cooling

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